Good Tobacco for Fine Cigar to World


Tobacco Plantation (Tobacco under shade)

Processing of tobacco

The process of cutting tobbaco leaf, cigar material


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 Tembakau Besuki Na Oogst (BesNO) yang ditanam di bawah naungan (jala) di Jember, 
dikelola sesuai dengan Good Tobacco Practices, 
sesuai dengan standar nasional dan peraturan internasional.
Daun tembakau yang telah dipanen, dikeringkan secara alami (air driying), 
lalu di fermentasi, dan dipilah/pilih. 
Semua dilakukan dengan cermat dan teliti, 
sehingga menghasilkan rupa-rasa-aroma yang sesuai.
Selanjutnya daun tembakau dipotong untuk dijadikan cerutu.


The Curing Barn of Tobacco (miniature)

A construction made of bamboo, the roof used cane leaves and
the floor kept with the ground.
The lenght of the barn is 15 meters and
laid with the bamboo poles used for hanging 
harvested tobacco leaves.
Inside, there are curing and drying process and
stored for about 3 weeks.
The traditional form of this curing barn 
has been applied since the Dutch era







Homogenized Tobacco Leaf (HTL)

What is HTL, homogenized tobacco leaf?

Certain short fillers, often cigarillos, have binders and/or wrappers made from homogenized tobacco leaves. 
HTL is tobacco that is finely ground to a powder, mixed with water and rolled into tobacco sheets. 
This is done in order to maintain an even quality in mass produced products.

http://www.swedishmatch.com/en/Global/FAQ/Cigars/General/What-is-HTL-homogen/
*************


Q: Why do Natural Leaf Wrappers cost more than the Homogenized ones?
A: Basically when you use a natural leaf, you have to use just the center section of select low-vein premium broadleaf tobacco.  When you used homogenized, they take the scraps, stems and “junk” tobacco and mash it into a pulp, then reconstitute it with some wood cellulose into a paper like material (which is what most cigar wraps are made out of).
Here is an article that better explains it, from all the way back in 1956:
http://img.timeinc.net/time/i/logo_time_print.gif

Monday, Jun. 18, 1956
INDUSTRY: New Leaf
The cigar industry had news for the shade of Vice President Thomas ("What this country needs . . .") Marshall. Thanks to a new process, an improved 5¢ cigar was on sale across the U.S. After nearly a century, tobacco makers have found a way to turn damaged leaves and leftovers into a synthetic leaf that is milder and cheaper than natural tobacco.

The synthetic leaf, called HTL (for "homogenized tobacco leaf," was first developed by General Cigar Co., fourth biggest U.S. cigar maker. Now in use in General Cigar's bestselling nickel brands, Robert Burns Cigarillos and William Penn cigars, HTL is rapidly finding its way into more expensive cigars. Virtually every other U.S. cigar and cigarette maker is either experimenting with "reconstituted" tobacco or actually using it. The new process is not only stirring the biggest technical shake-up in the industry since cigarettes; it has already greatly altered the market for raw tobacco, U.S. farmers' sixth most valuable cash crop. Predicts Nu-Way Tobacco Co.'s Jean Shepard Jr., who is making the binder for about 15 cigar makers: "Inside of two years, there won't be a cigar maker in the U.S. who doesn't use it."
"Fantastic Acceptance." General Cigar claims "fantastic consumer acceptance" for HTL, which is used in place of conventional "binder," the layer of tobacco (12% of the cigar) that is sandwiched be tween inside "filler" and outer "wrapper." General has already licensed its process to other U.S. and foreign cigar makers, many of whom expect HTL to cut the cost of 10¢ cigars by 40¢ per 100. American Machine & Foundry Co. has developed another process for homogenized tobacco binder, also has patents on machines to turn out man-made leaf, which cigarette makers shred for filler. R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Co. (Camels, Winstons) recently disclosed that it had been using yet another reconstituting process "for a number of years."

The major advantage of homogenization is that scraps and stems (up to 30% of the leaf) that are now discarded can be pulverized, mixed with a cellulose adhesive and squeezed out in continuous rolls. For both cigar and cigarette makers, man-made leaf means a big cut in the cost of handling, grading and curing tobacco. Cigar makers who have switched to HTL binder can use imperfect broad-leaf (costing only 30¢ per lb. v. high-grade broadleaf costing up to 60¢), find they need 50% less tobacco. Southern growers are complaining that use of man-made leaf in cigarettes will depress the market even further for the high-grade, high-priced "Bright leaf" they have cultivated for decades. Tobacco production, say New England farmers, may have to be slashed as much as 50%. 
"Mild & Pleasant." By lowering prices and increasing demand, counter the manufacturers, HTL should eventually assure tobacco farmers a stable market. The new process will allow growers to sell scarred or storm-torn tobacco which is now unsalable; up to 40% of New England's cigar binder has to be scrapped each year because of weather damage and imperfections. Moreover, the market for high-grade cigarette tobacco has already been hurt by the rise of filter tips (more than 20% of all U.S. cigarette sales in 1955), which, say tobacco experts, generally contain less expensive tobaccos than non-filtered cigarettes. The industry also maintains that homogenized tobacco tastes better. After passing around HTL cigars, growers from Connecticut's Hartford County reported that they were "mild and pleasant."

 

Besuki-NO Tobacco

Pembuatan cerutu menggunakan 3 jenis bahan baku tembakau, yaitu filler, binder dan wrapper. Wrapper yang biasa disebut dekblad atau pembalut cerutu bagian luar merupakan bahan penentu mutu cerutu, yang harus memenuhi persyaratan a.l elastisitas, warna, aroma, kematangan, dll. Selain itu juga harus memenuhi sejumlah ketentuan a.l ambang batas residu, nikotin, dll...

Bukan hal yang mudah memproduksi bahan baku semacam ini, terlebih menghadapi iklim yang kurang dapat diramal, yang beresiko terhadap berbagai macam virus dan hama penyakit. Penggalian terus menerus pengetahuan budi daya, keuletan, kecermatan, dan bekerja dengan passion, merupakan jawaban atas keberhasilan produksi. 

Data menyebutkan bahwa, wrapper dari Indonesia memenuhi 37% market share untuk kebutuhan cerutu dunia, 2% dari Medan 35% dari Jember.


(cuplikan wawancara dengan pejabat PTPN X Adjong Gayasan Jember)




http://www.ptpn10.com/

Tembakau Besuki Na Oogst

Besuki Na Oogst (Bes-NO) is the tobacco for cigar raw material developed in Besuki residency in the Dutch colonial era. Tobacco is a reliable export commodity because of its popularity in many countries. Cigars in international markets, including the legendary brands are using mostly the Bes-NO tobacco leaves, which is good for filler, binder and wrapper.

Today, Bes-NO tobacco still developed in Jember by farmers and several companies. Most are exported to meet the demand of cigar factories in several countries, partly used as a self-produced cigars.

***

Besuki Na Oogst (Bes-NO) merupakan tembakau bahan baku cerutu yang dikembangkan di karesidenan Besuki di era kolonial Belanda. Tembakau ini menjadi komoditi ekspor yang diandalkan karena sangat diminati di banyak negara. Cerutu-cerutu di pasar internasional, termasuk merk-merk yang melegenda banyak yang menggunakan daun tembakau Bes-NO, baik untuk filler, binder maupun wrapper.

Sekarang tembakau Bes-NO tetap dikembangkan di Jember oleh petani dan beberapa perusahaan. Sebagian besar diekspor untuk memenuhi permintaan pabrik-pabrik cerutu di beberapa Negara, sebagian dipakai sebagai bahan cerutu yang diproduksi sendiri.





Cerutu koleksi Jopie dan Mangli Djaya Raya

A Documentary Video: Tobacco for Life

Produksi tembakau pada umumnya di Indonesia sebagai penyumbang devisa mayoritas. Salah satu ikon jenis tembakau yang ditanam di Jember yaitu Besuki Na-oogst, sudah berjaya di pasar internasional sebagai bahan produksi cerutu utama.

Video dokumentasi tentang sejarah dan pertumbuhan tembakau di Jember. Produksi UPT. PSMB. Lembaga Tembakau Jember
* Link video di arahkan ke website sumber



Tembakau Bakal Jadi Obat Mahal, Tembakau di Indonesia Mulai Dikontrol Negara Maju

Besuki Na Oogst Tobacco
Upaya ratifikasi pembatasan tembakau dengan dalih kesehatan oleh negara maju dan WHO tampaknya merupakan upaya negara maju dan industri farmasinya untuk memonopoli tanaman tembakau. Tanaman tembakau melalui bioteknologi menjadi bahan dasar Biofarmaka sebagai bahan dasar obat kanker, obat DM dan obat influenza seperti penyakit Flu Ebola, SARS, Flu Babi, Flu Asia, Flu Burung dan masih banyak lagi yang harganya cukup mahal. Pembatasan tanaman tembakau merupakan upaya agar industri farmasi raksasa dapat mengatur peredaran obat terutama bila obat ini dipatenkan.

A. ZMapp Obat Ebola
Penemuan obat Influenza salah satunya ZMapp, dalam bentuk serum, vaksin dan terapi akhirnya bocor ke publik sehingga menghebohkan dunia dikarenakan bahan dasar obat ini berasal dari tanaman yang cukup banyak terdapat di negara tropis dan bahan ini biasa digunakan oleh masyarakat. Sebagaimana dilansir Reuters dan Koran Kontan, Kamis, 2 Oktober 2012, disebutkan tanaman tembakau merupakan vahan dasar farmasi Influenza mulai dari Flu Burung, Flu Asia, Flu Babi, SARS hingga Ebola. Vaksin Ebola, Ebola Zmapp, ternyata berbahan dasar tembakau  (Nicotiana benthamiana) yang dikembangkan di dalam rumah kaca. Keterangan tentang ZMapp juga dapat dibaca melalui Wikipedia. Melalui Bioprocessing daun Tembakau diolah menjadi bahan dasar dan bahan utama dalam melawan penyebaran virus Influenza dalam penyebaran di tubuh manusia.

Selanjutnya baca di:

Cigar made in Indonesia

Boss Image Nusantara (BIN) is a cigar company in Jember east Java, which has a very unique specifications that use tobacco are planted himself, with specific varieties that originated from Cuba who has experienced climate adjustment in Indonesia for 20 years, so it can match the original taste.
Tobacco are planted in soil vulcano causing taste and aroma are appropriate.
So also processing cigar material processed from fermentation until sorting the is done 
by many professional workforce 

 




See more at : http://bincigar.com/

Kretek, One of Indonesian Heritage


 

 




Coming soon ...... Museum Tobacco in Jember city east Java
Collecting, such as:
- Various examples of varieties of tobacco in Indonesia.

- Various collection of photos of tobacco in the past to the present.
- Various objects associated with tobacco and miniature.
- Plasma germ tobacco


The Barn of Tobacco

The arts and humanist side behind tobacco




Musim tembakau 2014 di Jember sudah dimulai. Gudang atag tempat proses menyujen tembakau dan mengeringkan tembakau (air driying) setelah panen, sedang disiapkan. Gudang atag milik perusahaan mempunyai panjang 50 meter dan tinggi 20 meter.

 (sumber: http://www.tempo.co/read/beritafoto/5817/Jelang-Musim-Tanam-Gudang-Tembakau-Diperbaiki)

Balai Penelitian (Proefstation)

Sejarah Balai Penelitian untuk Tembakau


Cikal bakal semua Balai Penelitian Pertanian di Indonesia termasuk Balai Penelitian Tanaman Tembakau dan Serat (Balittas) adalah Algemeen Proefstation Voor de Landbouw (APL) 
yaitu Balai Penelitian yang mempunyai mandat menangani tanaman pertanian rakyat meliputi tanaman hortikultura, tanaman pangan, dan perkebunan rakyat, yang didirikan pada tahun 1918. 
Pada tahun 1942 APL dinamakan ”Noozi Sikenzyoo”  
atau disebut Pusat Penyelidikan Pertanian Umum.
Pada tahun 1950 APL berubah menjadi Balai Besar Penyelidikan Pertanian (BBPP) yang berpusat di Bogor. Keberadaan Balittas saat inipun tidak dapat dipisahkan dengan perkembangan dan keberadaan Balai–Balai Penelitian yang menangani komoditas Balittas sebelumnya seperti: 
Balai Besar Penyelidikan Pertanian (BBPP) di Bogor, BBPP Cabang Malang, BBPP Cabang Makasar, 
Balai Penyelidikan Teknik Pertanian (BPTP) Perwakilan Jawa Timur dan Jawa Tengah, Lembaga Penelitian Serat dan Jenis-Jenis Tanaman Industri Lainnya (LPTS), Lembaga Penelitian Kelapa dan Jenis-jenis Tanaman Lemak Lainnya (LPKL), Lembaga Penelitian Tanaman Industri (LPTI) Cabang Wilayah II di Malang, 
Balai Penelitian Tanaman Industri (Balittri), 
Balai Penelitian Tembakau dan Tanaman Serat (Balittas), 
dan Balai Penelitian Tanaman Tembakau dan Serat (Balittas).

APL pada jaman Belanda


Balittas sekarang


Sumber :http://balittas.litbang.deptan.go.id/ 

International Trade Fair for Tobacco

Tobacco Information Center 
as one of the participants there

February 27 & 28, 2014
Inter-tabac ASIA
International Trade Fair for Tobacco Products and Smoking Accessories
Bali Nusa Dua Convention Center
For trade visitors only – no entry under 21 years










http://www.westfalenhallen.de/messen/intertabac-asia/en/index.php

                                                          16th Habanos Festival
                                                  From February 24th to 28th, 2014



From Monday, February 24th to Friday, February 28th, 2014, Cuba will again be the venue of the largest international meeting for the enthusiasts of the best cigar in the world: 

The Commercial Fair will again be celebrated during the week of the Festival. In 2013, the Fair was attended by 72 exhibitors from 8 countries – Germany, Canada, China, Switzerland, Spain, Italy, Panama and Cuba – and received over 2,000 visitors from the world of cigar, luxury products and business.

This year a total of 273 journalists and cameramen from 142 press bodies from more than 30 countries sent live transmissions covering the event , which continues to have an ever growing echo in the five continents.

See more ........
http://www.habanos.com/festival.aspx?fid=14&mid=111&lang=en

The National Seminar of Tobacco

The National Seminar of Tobacco, 23 December 2013 


The massive fields planted with tobacco in all districts in Jember is a great potential to bring the people especially farmers enjoy the benefits of growing tobacco as it becomes an export commodity. 

Finding the potential of tobacco in Jember, it makes the  Tobacco Institution, Lembaga Tembakau  a representative of Industry and Trade Service of Province East Java, present a National Seminar of Tobacco,  December 23rd 2013 ath Saphire Ballroom - Aston Hotel, Jember.

The seminar participants came from farmers, associations, governments, and academics who support the tobacco in general. Also,  the attending speakers are Dr. Toto Sudargo (UGM), Prof Subiyakto (Balittas Malang), 
Dr. Bambang Hermiyanto (Jember University), and Ananda Chandra Fajriu (Brawijaya University).


See you on the next National Seminar of Tobacco 2014!







Mastan

Indonesian Society for Standardization and well known as Mastan (Masyarakat Standardisasi Indonesia) bring a presentation to particular group who aware for the product they produce, that is tobacco leaf. How they raise awareness to the quality and standardization of tobacco so they get an added value after sales. 16 December 2013.



Presentation conducted by Sofie Kusminarsih


Handicraft Workshop

A group of tobacco farmers attended to the handicraft workshop for 3 days (13-15 December 2013). We practice to a new skill for handicraft creation made of tobacco and bamboo.

The tobacco leaves are not only useful, but also the other parts of plant ranging from flowers, stems and roots can be used for an interesting craft with the touch of a hand and creativity.

This activity is expected to be able to provide other post-harvest activities for tobacco workers and tobacco farmers. Let us support tobacco creative community!





Organized and supported by: the Department of Industry and Trade of East Java Province, UPT. PSMB-LT Jember, TIC, Imda Handicraft, Ikatan Pengusaha Jember (IPJ).


Musim Tembakau di Jember

Tobacco season in Jember

Tobacco is a blessing from God given to human being
A gift that we should preserve, utilize and grateful it
Nothing by any means should be ignored, or even not treated
We are as the most creative one could bring tobacco to the most beneficial as possible.

Growing Leaves
A farmer treats for growing leaves in the afternoon sunlight. Photo: Aan Anugrah

Tobacco Processing, Amazing....!

Pengelolaan tembakau membutuhkan proses yang sangat panjang dan rumit. 
Mulai dari kebun hingga di pabrik, secara tradisional maupun modern. 
Mengerahkan banyak tenaga manusia yang ulet dan trampil. 
Proses  menakjubkan yang dilestarikan sebagai bagian dari 
dinamika ekonomi sosial dan budaya masyarakat. 





Tobacco management requires a very long and complicated processes
Starting from gardens to the factory, traditional or modern.
Bring a lot of manpower and skilled hands.
Amazing process is preserved as part of the
economic, social and cultural dynamics of the society


MDR adalah salah satu dari pelaku usaha tembakau 
dari banyaknya pelaku usaha tembakau yang lain di Jember

Tobacco Expo

Tobacco Expo adalah sebuah pameran tembakau dan indsutri hasil tembakau 
yang diselenggarakan oleh pelaku pertembakauan. 
Diselenggarakan di Jember Jawa Timur karena 
Jember merupakan daerah yang mempunyai sejarah panjang terhadap 
keberadaan tembakau, yaitu sejak jaman kolonial Belanda 
yang menciptakan sistem perkebunan besar dan mengeksport tembakau bahan cerutu 
yang dikenal dengan tembakau Besuki Naa Oogst. 
Setelah lebih dari 150 tahun lebih usaha tembakau berjalan, 
sekarang Jember dan daerah sekitarnya 
(Bondowoso, Situbondo, Lumajang, dan Banyuwangi) 
masih bisa mempertahankan eksistensi tembakau baik kuantitas maupun kualitasnya
yang cukup diterima di pasar lokal dan manca negara.
Tembakau telah menjadi bagian dari dinamika ekonomi, sosial dan budaya.

11-15 September 2013

Entrance to the Expo

Tobacco Expo Grand Opening

The participants of Expo

Tobacco Information Center main boot




Photos: Aan Anugrah